QUICK REFERENCE PLANTING GUIDE
1. Light/Sun Exposure - Full to part shade. Hosta Mix - Part shade to part sun. 'Sun Power' - Full sun to part shade.
2. USDA Hardiness Zones - 3 to 9.
3. Planting Distance - 2 to 3 feet apart in ground. 'Sun Power' - 4 feet apart in ground.
4. Mature Height/Spread - Standard varieties can grow 2 to 3 feet tall with a similar spread within 2 years. Large varieties may grow 5 feet tall and half as wide within 2 years. Hosta Mix - 1 to 2 feet tall with a 2 to 3 feet spread. 'Sun Power' - 2 feet tall with a 4 feet spread.
5. Bloom Time - Mid to late summer.
6. Planting Instructions - As indicated below.
Potted Plants - Dig a hole twice as wide and twice as deep as the pot in which your plant was grown. Please note that many of our pots are biodegradable. If your plant is not in a traditional plastic pot then you may place the entire biodegradable pot in the ground; otherwise, gently remove the root ball from the pot. Partially backfill the hole with soil and place the plant into the hole. The top of the root ball should be level with the ground surrounding the hole. Refill the hole with soil, firming the soil around the plant with your fingers. Check to be sure that the plant is not planted too deeply. If it is, raise the plant carefully and refirm the soil. Water thoroughly.
Bare-root plants - Dig a hole twice as wide and twice as deep as the roots of each plant. Form a small mound of dirt in the bottom of each hole and spread the roots of each plant over it so that the crown of the plant will be 1 to 2 inches below the surface of the soil after planting. Refill with soil mixture. Firm the soil around the plant with your fingers. Water thoroughly.
GET THE MOST ENJOYMENT
Another rugged perennial for part sun or shade. Hosta is cast-iron plant that encompasses many varieties in various leaf colorations with lavender, lavender-blue or white lily-like flowers in the summer garden. When not in bloom, the foliage alone presents a dramatic unfaltering display of color all through the growing season. Hostas are so rugged that they will even grow in some of the most difficult shade and soil locations that a gardener may have. Not at all fussy, some even grow in soil amongst rocks and crevices. In the north they will tolerate dry and moist conditions. In the south and west they perform best in moist soil. A low-maintenance plant that has few problems. Use in groups in garden settings or in mass as a ground cover under trees.
Although these plants will perform well in average garden soils of all types, we recommend having your soil tested periodically by the local County Extension Office. These tests can determine if the soil needs any amendments to enhance your plants' growth and performance. See below for our recommended practice to improve your soil without any additional testing:
1. Spade or till the soil to a depth of 12-18 inches.
2. To provide nutrients and improve drainage, add organic matter to your soil by mixing in a 2 to 4-inch layer of dehydrated manure, garden compost, shredded leaves, and/or peat moss.
3. After active growth begins, periodically feed with Cottage Farms' water soluble Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Plants in containers need more frequent watering and feeding, especially when in active growth and bloom.
Water - Your plants require 1" of rainfall (or equivalent watering) each week when planted in the ground. Do not allow plants in containers to dry out.
Mulching - Apply a 2-4 inch layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.
Weeding - Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with other plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots, as soon as you see them.
Grooming - Clip off unsightly or dead growth to maintain the plants in good form and shape.
Feeding - Feed your plants once every 2-3 weeks during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer such as Cottage Farms' Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Discontinue feeding after September 1st so your plants can harden off for winter dormancy. Resume fertilizing when new growth appears in the spring.
Winterizing - The time to protect your plants in the garden is after the ground has frozen. At that time, apply a winter mulch of evergreen boughs, straws or leaves to prevent lifting of the plant's roots during alternating periods of freezing and thawing.
For container planting, move plants next to your home's southern foundation for added warmth and protection. They may also be moved into an unheated, protected area such as a garage or cellar. If moved to a protected area be sure you water them well once every 2 to 3 weeks as need.
In spring, remove mulch from in-ground plantings and remove any dead or damaged parts on any plants. Also, bring containerized plants back out into the garden sunlight where they will immediately begin to repeat their yearly garden performance.
CAUTION: Not all plant material is edible. Though most plants are harmless, some contain toxic substances which can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, or other discomforts. As a general rule, only known food products should be eaten. In case of ingestion, please contact your local poison control center at once and advise them of the plant ingested. Keep out of reach of children.