Lilies, Pineapple


QUICK REFERENCE PLANTING GUIDE

1. Light/Sun Exposure - Full sun (at least 6 hours per day).

2. USDA Hardiness Zones - Garden hardy in-ground in zones 7 to 10.  In cooler zones (1 to 6), bulbs should be lifted in the fall.

3. Planting Distance - 6 to 12 inches apart in ground.

4. Mature Height/Spread - 18 to 20 inches tall.

5. Bloom Time - Mid-summer.

6. Planting Instructions - Dig a hole twice as deep and twice as wide as each dormant bulb. When dug, the hole should be big enough to allow the dormant bulb to be covered with 1 inch of soil.  Place bulb in hole and cover with soil, firming the soil with your fingers. Water thoroughly.

GET THE MOST ENJOYMENT

The botanical name for our Royal Hawaiian Lilies is Eucomis, which roughly translates to "beautifully headed." This name refers to the interesting flower heads with their tuft of bracts sprouting from the crown. The resemblance of the flower head to miniature pineapples is quite apparent giving these plants their common name, Pineapple Lily. These unusual and attractive plants belong to a group of deciduous, tender, and perennial bulbs from South Africa. They can be grown outdoors in the warmer zones where temperatures stay above 10 degrees F, but should be lifted from the garden and kept indoors over winter in colder climates. The three varieties that are shipped with the deco kit offer are Innocence, a beautiful pure white, Reuben, which has gorgeous deep rose-pink 20-25" flower spikes, and Tugela Jade, which has unusual chartreuse 20" flower stalks. These flower spikes are made up of over a hundred tiny individual soft flowers. Plus, the cut flower stalks have an extraordinary vase life! Flowers are followed by attractive seedpods, extending the show of color.

SOIL PREPARATION

Although these plants will perform well in average garden soils of all types, we recommend having your soil tested periodically by the local County Extension Office.  These tests can determine if the soil needs any amendments to enhance your plants' growth and performance.  See below for our recommended practice to improve your soil without any additional testing:

1.  Spade or till the soil to a depth of 12-18 inches.

2.  To provide nutrients and improve drainage, add organic matter to your soil by mixing in a 2 to 4-inch layer of dehydrated manure, garden compost, shredded leaves, and/or peat moss.

3.  After active growth begins, periodically feed with Cottage Farms' water soluble Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Plants in containers need more frequent watering and feeding, especially when in active growth and bloom.

CONTINUING CARE

Water - Your plants require 1" of rainfall (or equivalent watering) each week when planted in the ground.  Do not allow plants in containers to dry out.  In a container that is exposed to full sun, water it well at least once every other day, and possibly every day, during periods of intense summer heat.  You may wish to temporarily move containerized plants to an area where they are shielded from the hot summer sun (i.e., in the shade of a tree, on a porch near an overhang).

Mulching - Apply a 2-4 inch layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.

Weeding - Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with all plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots, as soon as you see them.

Grooming - Flower stems should be cut when petals begin to really fade.  You don’t want the flower heads to go to seed.  Seed formation drains off the food needed to produce next year’s growth, which is essential for further bulb development.  Leaves should be allowed to die back naturally before removing.  The green leaves are the last things to wither and dry up but they do provide the nourishment for your bulb growth.  DO NOT remove the foliage while it is still green.

Feeding - Feed your plants once every 2-3 weeks during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer such as Cottage Farms' Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster.  Discontinue feeding after September 1st so your plants can harden off for winter dormancy. Resume fertilizing when new growth appears in the spring.

Winterizing - In zones 7 through 10 you can leave these bulbs in the ground provided they are mulched through the winter months.

In zones cooler than 7 (1 to 6), the bulbs should be dug up or lifted before the first killing frost and stored in dry peat moss, perlite, or vermiculite in a location where the temperature stays around 40 degrees F.  Replant each spring after the danger of frost has passed.

Containerized plantings can be moved indoors to a cool spot (i.e., unheated garage, shed) in winter where the plants will go dormant in the container.  Water them lightly every 7-10 days.

In spring, remove mulch from in-ground plantings and bring containerized plants back out into the garden sunlight where they will immediately begin to repeat their yearly garden performance.

 

CAUTION: Not all plant material is edible. Though most plants are harmless, some contain toxic substances which can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, or other discomforts. As a general rule, only known food products should be eaten. In case of ingestion, please contact your local poison control center at once and advise them of the plant ingested. Keep out of reach of children.