Salvia


QUICK REFERENCE PLANTING GUIDE

1. Light/Sun Exposure - Full to partial sun.

2. USDA Hardiness Zones -

  • 'May Night' - 4 to 10.
  • 'Cardonna' - 4 to 8.
  • 'Blue Marvel' - 4 to 9.

3. Planting Distance - 2 to 3 feet apart in ground. 

4. Mature Height/Spread -

  • 'May Night' - 2 to 3 foot tall with a similar spread. 
  • 'Cardonna' - 1 to 2 feet tall with a similar spread.
  • 'Blue Marvel' - 10 to 12 inches tall with a similar spread.

5. Bloom Time - Summer to fall.

6. Planting Instructions -

Important:  Thoroughly rehydrate the plant and its surrounding soil before planting so it may properly adapt to its new location.  We recommend submersing the root zone of the plant in a container of water for 2-3 minutes while you prepare for planting.

Plantable Pots and Plugs:

1.  Remove and discard the clear plastic bag from around the plant.

2.  Dig a hole twice as wide and twice as deep as the plantable pot. Partially backfill the hole with soil and place the plant into the hole. Note:  Do not remove the biodegradable sheath. The top of the pot should be level with the ground surrounding the hole.  Refill the hole with soil, firming the soil around the plant with your fingers.  Check to be sure the plant is not planted too deeply.  If it is, raise the plant carefully and refirm the soil.  

3.  Water thoroughly.

Plastic Pots:

1.  Remove and discard the clear plastic bag from around the plant.

2. After watering, separate the root ball from its pot by holding the plant upside down in one hand and gently squeezing the sides of the pot with the other. Do not yank on the stem; the plant should easily slide out of the pot with just slight pulling.  

3.  Prepare the root ball for planting by gently disturbing the roots with your fingers, fork or gardening tool. Loosen any roots that have begun winding around the soil ball and prune any rotted or damaged roots. This will encourage the roots to begin growing outward into the new soil.  

4. Dig a hole twice as wide and twice as deep as the plant's root ball. Partially backfill the hole with soil and place the plant into the hole. The top of the root ball should be level with the ground surrounding the hole. Refill the hole with soil, firming the soil around the plant with your fingers.  Check to be sure the plant is not planted too deeply.  If it is, raise the plant carefully and refirm the soil.

5.  Water thoroughly.

Bareroot - Dig a hole twice as wide and twice as deep as the roots of each plant. Form a small mound of dirt in the bottom of each hole and spread the roots of each plant over it so that the crown of the plant will be 1 to 2 inches below the surface of the soil after planting. Refill with soil mixture. Firm the soil around the plant with your fingers.  Water thoroughly. 

GET THE MOST ENJOYMENT

'May Night' is distinctively stiff and upright, forming a small mound. The gorgeous floral display sets this gem apart from its plainer cousins. Its flowers are rich, indigo-black, outlined with delicate purple bracts. Place 'May Night' in the middle of the perennial border or use it as a specimen plant.

'Cardonna' is a distinctive, award winning cultivar with its tall, very dark purple flower stems and stunning blue-violet flowers.

'Blue Marvel' is a compact, deep blue salvia with tall flower spikes that emerge from early spring into fall. Perfect for containers or borders!

SOIL PREPARATION

Although these plants will perform well in average garden soils of all types, we recommend having your soil tested periodically by the local County Extension Office.  These tests can determine if the soil needs any amendments to enhance your plants' growth and performance.  See below for our recommended practice to improve your soil without any additional testing:

1.  Spade or till the soil to a depth of 12-18 inches.

2.  To provide nutrients and improve drainage, add organic matter to your soil by mixing in a 2 to 4-inch layer of dehydrated manure, garden compost, shredded leaves, and/or peat moss.

3.  After active growth begins, periodically feed with Cottage Farms' water soluble Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Plants in containers need more frequent watering and feeding, especially when in active growth and bloom.

CONTINUING CARE

Water - Your plants require 1" of rainfall (or equivalent watering) each week when planted in the ground.  Do not allow plants in containers to dry out.  In a container that is exposed to full sun, water it well at least once every other day, and possibly every day, during periods of intense summer heat.  You may wish to temporarily move containerized plants to an area where they are shielded from the hot summer sun (i.e., in the shade of a tree, on a porch near an overhang).

Mulching - Apply a 2-4 inch layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.

Weeding - Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with other plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots, as soon as you see them.

Grooming - Clip off dead or unsightly growth to maintain attractive form and shape.  Deadhead or remove flowers when blooms have faded, leaving as much foliage as possible.  As long as the foliage remains green it will gather sunlight and transmit energy into the root system for the following growing season.

Feeding - Feed your plants once every 2-3 weeks during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer such as Cottage Farms' Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Discontinue feeding after September 1st so your plants can harden off for winter dormancy. Resume fertilizing when new growth appears in the spring.

Winterizing - After frost has blackened the foliage, apply a winter mulch of evergreen boughs, straw, or leaves to in-ground plantings to prevent lifting of the plant's roots during alternating periods of freezing and thawing.

For container planting, move plants next to your home's southern foundation for added warmth and protection. They may also be moved into an unheated, protected area such as a garage or cellar. If moved to a protected area be sure you water them well once every 7 to 10 days.

In spring, remove mulch from in-ground plantings and remove any dead or damaged parts on any plants.  Also, bring containerized plants back out into the garden sunlight where they will immediately begin to repeat their yearly garden performance.

  

CAUTION: Not all plant material is edible. Though most plants are harmless, some contain toxic substances which can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, or other discomforts. As a general rule, only known food products should be eaten. In case of ingestion, please contact your local poison control center at once and advise them of the plant ingested. Keep out of reach of children.