Bulbs


QUICK REFERENCE PLANTING GUIDE

1. Light/Sun Exposure - Full sun to partial shade.

2. USDA Hardiness Zones - 3 to 9.

3. Planting Distance - As indicated below.

  • Hyacinths: 6 inches deep and 6 to 8 inches apart.
  • Allium: 6 inches deep and 6 to 12 inches apart.
  • Daffodils: 6 inches deep and 6 inches apart.
  • Asiatic Lilies: 6 inches deep and 9 to 12 inches apart.
  • Oriental Lilies: 6 inches deep and 9 to 12 inches apart.
  • Early Stardrift: 3 inches deep and 3 to 6 inches apart.
  • Fritillaria: 3 inches deep and 3 to 6 inches apart.
  • Glory of the Snow/Gloria Flowers: 2 inches deep and 2 to 3 inches apart.
  • Dutch Iris: 4 inches deep and 3 to 4 inches apart.
  • Siberian Squill: 3 inches deep and 2 to 3 inches apart.
  • Windflowers: 3 inches deep and 3 to 4 inches apart.
  • Galanthus: 3 inches deep and 3 inches apart.

4. Mature Height/Spread - As indicated below.

  • Hyacinths: 8 to 10 inches tall.
  • Allium: 20 to 36 inches tall.
  • Daffodils: 14 to 20 inches tall.
  • Asiatic Lilies: 24 to 36 inches tall.
  • Oriental Lilies: 3 to 4 feet tall.
  • Early Stardrift: 6 to 12 inches tall.
  • Fritillaria: 12 to 14 inches tall.
  • Glory of the Snow/Glory Flowers: 3 to 6 inches tall.
  • Dutch Iris: 12 to 24 inches tall.
  • Siberian Squill: 5 to 8 inches tall.
  • Windflowers: 4 to 6 inches tall.
  • Galanthus: 4 to 6 inches tall.

5. Bloom Time - As indicated below.

  • Hyacinths: Spring.
  • Allium: Late spring.
  • Daffodils: Early to mid spring.
  • Asiatic Lilies: Early summer.
  • Oriental Lilies: Mid to late summer.
  • Early Stardrift: Late winter to early spring.
  • Fritillaria: Spring.
  • Glory of the Snow/Glory Flowers: Early spring.
  • Dutch Iris: Late spring.
  • Siberian Squill: Early spring.
  • Windflowers: Early spring.
  • Galanthus: Early spring.

 6. Planting Instructions - Dig a hole or bed to the appropriate depth indicated under ‘Planting Distance’.  Place each bulb pointed end up in hole and cover with soil, firming soil with your fingers. Water thoroughly.

GET THE MOST ENJOYMENT

Bulbs are the easiest, fastest, and most diverse way to add color to your garden. These "fool-proof" selections add drama to your planting scheme with a wide range of color, forms, fragrance and bloom time. Many are excellent for naturalizing, adding to the mixed border or cutting garden or for mass planting in full sun to part shade.

 

When planting bulbs, begin with the notion that they look best in clumps or clusters. Mother Nature does it this way and she is a reliable guide. Whether you prefer clean solid colors or the riotous abundance of a cottage garden, you will never regret planting as many bulbs as you possibly can.

SOIL PREPARATION

Although these plants will perform well in average garden soils of all types, we recommend having your soil tested periodically by the local County Extension Office.  These tests can determine if the soil needs any amendments to enhance your plants' growth and performance.  See below for our recommended practice to improve your soil without any additional testing:

1.  Spade or till the soil to a depth of 12-18 inches.

2.  To provide nutrients and improve drainage, add organic matter to your soil by mixing in a 2-4 inch layer of dehydrated manure, garden compost, shredded leaves, and/or peat moss.

3.  After active growth begins, periodically feed with Cottage Farms' water soluble Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Plants in containers need more frequent watering and feeding, especially when in active growth and bloom.

CONTINUING CARE

Water - Adequate and consistent watering is essential during the plant's first year in your garden.  Infrequent, long soakings of water that thoroughly saturate the soil surrounding the root zone are more effective than frequent light applications of water that may wet the top of the soil only.  

Due to individual plant needs, geographical and environmental conditions, a specific watering schedule is hard to define; however as a rule of thumb you should not allow the soil to completely dry out.  During periods of drought and extreme summer heat, you may need to water as often as every day.

Overwatering can be as damaging as under watering.  Be sure that the area surrounding your plant does not become a water-holding bog and that there is adequate drainage to move excess water away from the plant.  

Mulching - Apply a 2-4 inch layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.

Weeding - Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with all plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots, as soon as you see them.

Grooming - Flower stems should be cut when petals begin to really fade.  You don’t want the flower heads to go to seed.  Seed formation drains off the food needed to produce next year’s growth which is essential for further bulb development. Leaves should be allowed to die back naturally before removing.  The green leaves are the last thing to wither and dry up but they do provide the nourishment for your bulb growth.  DO NOT remove the foliage while it is still green.

Feeding - Feed your plants once every 2-3 weeks during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer such as Cottage Farms' Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster.  Discontinue feeding after September 1st so your plants can harden off for winter dormancy. Resume fertilizing when new growth appears in the spring.

Winterizing - In late fall, apply a winter mulch of evergreen boughs, straw, or leaves to in-ground plantings to prevent lifting of the plant's roots during alternating periods of freezing and thawing.

For container planting, move plants next to your home's southern foundation for added warmth and protection. They may also be moved into an unheated, protected area such as a garage or cellar. If moved to a protected area be sure you water them well once every 7 to 10 days.

In spring, remove mulch from in-ground plantings and remove any dead or damaged parts on any plants.  Also, bring containerized plants back out into the garden sunlight where they will immediately begin to repeat their yearly garden performance.  

 

CAUTION: Not all plant material is edible. Though most plants are harmless, some contain toxic substances which can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, or other discomforts. As a general rule, only known food products should be eaten. In case of ingestion, please contact your local poison control center at once and advise them of the plant ingested. Keep out of reach of children.