Bamboo


QUICK REFERENCE PLANTING GUIDE

1. Light/Sun Exposure - Full sun to partial shade.

2. USDA Hardiness Zones - 5 to 9.

3. Planting Distance - 4 to 6 feet apart.

4. Mature Height/Spread - Up to 8 feet tall with a spread of about 4 feet.

5. Bloom Time - N/A.

6. Planting Instructions - Dig a hole twice as wide and twice as deep as the pot in which your plant was grown.  Please note that many of our pots are biodegradable.  If your plant is not in a traditional plastic pot then you may place the entire biodegradable pot in the ground; otherwise, gently remove the root ball from the pot.  Partially backfill the hole with soil and place the plant into the hole. The top of the root ball should be level with the ground surrounding the hole. Refill the hole with soil, firming the soil around the plant with your fingers.  Check to be sure that the plant is not planted too deeply.  If it is, raise the plant carefully and refirm the soil.  Water thoroughly.

GET THE MOST ENJOYMENT

Some Fargesias are fairly tolerant of full sun, under favorable conditions. In general, the cooler the summer temperatures and the better established the Fargesia specimen, the more likely it is to tolerate full sun. When attempting to establish small Fargesia plants in locations exposed to direct mid-day (i.e., about 11:00 to 3:00) sun, it would be a good idea to provide a bit of shade for the plant until it is well foliaged and capable of shading the soil over its root system. The shading arrangement need not be elaborate; just enough shade is needed to keep the lower portion of the plant and the soil over its root system from baking in the hot sun. The plant should still be allowed to receive plenty of bright light. It is also a good idea when planting young Fargesias (or other plants with arching stems) in locations subject to hot sun to orient the stems so that they lean toward the sun. Doing so helps to prevent stem injuries caused by overheating.  Fargesias prefer a moderately fertile soil which is moist but well-drained and well aerated. A slightly acidic pH is likely to be favorable. As is true of other bamboos, Fargesias appreciate an organic mulch.

Because Fargesias do not spread, they are well suited for use as hedges, screens, or specimens, or wherever space is limited. The plants typically form dense clumps with the outer culms in the clump arching outwards, away from the center. The result is a fountain-like effect. Fargesias are relatively slow to propagate, and are in great demand as ornamentals, due to their desirable combination of characteristics.

SOIL PREPARATION

Although these plants will perform well in average garden soils of all types, we recommend having your soil tested periodically by the local County Extension Office.  These tests can determine if the soil needs any amendments to enhance your plants' growth and performance.  See below for our recommended practice to improve your soil without any additional testing:

1.  Spade or till the soil to a depth of 12-18 inches.

2.  To provide nutrients and improve drainage, add organic matter to your soil by mixing in a 2 to 4-inch layer of dehydrated manure, garden compost, shredded leaves, and/or peat moss.

3.  After active growth begins, periodically feed with Cottage Farms' water soluble Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Plants in containers need more frequent watering and feeding, especially when in active growth and bloom.

 

CONTINUING CARE

Water - Lack of water is the biggest problem with growing bamboo. Newly planted bamboo requires liberal watering as the bamboos require water to send out new culms. Be careful not to over-water. Standing water inhibits the growth of bamboo. Your plants require 1" of rainfall (or equivalent watering) each week when planted in the ground.  Do not allow plants in containers to dry out.  In a container that is exposed to full sun, water it well at least once every other day, and possibly every day, during periods of intense summer heat.  You may wish to temporarily move containerized plants to an area where they are shielded from the hot summer sun (i.e., in the shade of a tree, on a porch near an overhang).

Mulching - Apply a 2-4 inch layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.

Weeding - Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with all plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots, as soon as you see them.

Grooming - Bamboo can be kept as thin or as dense as desired. (Keep in mind that once a cane is cut, it will never grow back in height.) It's best to keep a combination of new and old canes in the garden. For a healthy garden of timber bamboo, keep dying, dead, and leaning canes removed but never remove more than 30% from the garden.

Feeding - Feed your plants once every 2-3 weeks during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer such as Cottage Farms' Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Discontinue feeding after September 1st so your plants can harden off for winter dormancy. Resume fertilizing when new growth appears in the spring.

Winterizing - The time to protect your plants in the garden is after the ground has frozen. At that time, apply a winter mulch of evergreen boughs, straws or leaves to prevent lifting of the plant's roots during alternating periods of freezing and thawing.

For container planting, move plants next to your home's southern foundation for added warmth and protection. They may also be moved into an unheated, protected area such as a garage or cellar. If moved to a protected area be sure you water them well once every 7 to 10 days.

In spring, remove the mulch from in-ground plantings.  Also, bring containerized plants back out into the garden sunlight where they will immediately begin to repeat their yearly garden performance.  

CAUTION: Not all plant material is edible. Though most plants are harmless, some contain toxic substances which can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, or other discomforts. As a general rule, only known food products should be eaten. In case of ingestion, please contact your local poison control center at once and advise them of the plant ingested. Keep out of reach of children.