QUICK REFERENCE PLANTING GUIDE
1. Light/Sun Exposure - Full sun to partial shade.
2. USDA Hardiness Zones - 3 to 9.
3. Planting Distance - As indicated below:
- Standard: 24 to 36 inches apart.
4. Mature Height/Spread - As indicated below.
- Dwarf: 12 to 24 inches tall.
- Standards: 24 to 36 inches tall.
- 'Purple de oro' - 14 to 20 inches tall.
Mature height reached within two years with a similar spread.
5. Bloom Time - Early to mid-Summer with a possible repeat bloom in early fall after establishing their roots the first season. Sporadic blooming can be expected the first year depending upon variety.
6. Planting Instructions - Dig a hole at least twice as wide and twice as deep as the crown (where the root mass meets the foliage - see illustration below). Spread the roots of the plant out and cover with soil so that no more than 1 inch of soil covers the crown. Firm the soil around the crown. Water thoroughly.
GET THE MOST ENJOYMENT
Daylilies are among the easiest of all perennial plants to grow. They thrive and bloom in the hot summer months and can be grown in full sun to partial shade. They are not fussy about soil. Daylilies are winter-hardy and will thrive in the coldest, as well as the hottest, areas of the USA. Suitable for all planting zones.
All daylilies are delightful additions to the summer garden, providing a profusion of cheery flowers for weeks on end. Their versatile range of habit, from the dwarfs to the tall standards, make them ideal for many locations throughout the landscape. Because most of our varieties rebloom, you'll enjoy an extended blooming season when their flowers reappear later in the season.
Although these plants will perform well in average garden soils of all types, we recommend having your soil tested periodically by the local County Extension Office. These tests can determine if the soil needs any amendments to enhance your plants' growth and performance. See below for our recommended practice to improve your soil without any additional testing:
1. Spade or till the soil to a depth of 12-18 inches.
2. To provide nutrients and improve drainage, add organic matter to your soil by mixing in a 2 to 4-inch layer of dehydrated manure, garden compost, shredded leaves, and/or peat moss.
3. After active growth begins, periodically feed with Cottage Farms' water soluble Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Plants in containers need more frequent watering and feeding, especially when in active growth and bloom.
Water - Your plants require 1" of rainfall (or equivalent watering) each week when planted in the ground. Do not allow plants in containers to dry out. In a container that is exposed to full sun, water it well at least once every other day, and possibly every day, during periods of intense summer heat. You may wish to temporarily move containerized plants to an area where they are shielded from the hot summer sun (i.e. in the shade of a tree, on a porch near an overhang).
Mulching - Apply a 2-4 inch layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.
Weeding - Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with other plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots, as soon as you see them.
Grooming - Clip off dead or unsightly growth to maintain attractive form and shape. Deadhead or remove flowers when blooms have faded, leaving as much foliage as possible. As long as the foliage remains green it will gather sunlight and transmit energy into the root system for the following growing season.
Feeding - Feed your plants once every 2-3 weeks during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer such as Cottage Farms' Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Discontinue feeding after September 1st so your plants can harden off for winter dormancy. Resume fertilizing when new growth appears in the spring.
Winterizing - After frost has blackened the foliage of your Daylilies, cut them back to 2 inches above the soil. Apply a winter mulch of evergreen boughs, straw, or leaves to in-ground plantings to prevent lifting of the plant's roots during alternating periods of freezing and thawing.
For container planting, move plants next to your home's southern foundation for added warmth and protection. They may also be moved into an unheated, protected area such as a garage or cellar. If moved to a protected area be sure you water them well once every 2 to 3 weeks, as needed.
In spring, remove mulch from in-ground plantings. Also, bring containerized plants back out into the garden sunlight where they will immediately begin to repeat their yearly garden performance.
CAUTION: Not all plant material is edible. Though most plants are harmless, some contain toxic substances which can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, or other discomforts. As a general rule, only known food products should be eaten. In case of ingestion, please contact your local poison control center at once and advise them of the plant ingested. Keep out of reach of children.