Tree, Dogwood


QUICK REFERENCE PLANTING GUIDE

1. Light/Sun Exposure - Full to partial sun.

 

2. USDA Hardiness Zones - As indicated below.

  • 'Venus' - 5 to 9.
  • 'Cherokee Chief' - 5 to 8.
  • 'Stellar Pink' - 5 to 9.

 

3. Planting Distance - As indicated below.

  • 'Venus' - 20 to 30 feet apart in ground.
  • 'Cherokee Chief' - 12 to 15 feet apart in ground.
  • 'Stellar Pink' - 20 to 25 feet apart in ground.

 

4. Mature Height/Spread - As indicated below.

  • 'Venus' - Mature height of 20 to 30 feet with a similar top spread.
  • 'Cherokee Chief' - Mature height of 20 to 25 feet with a top spread of 10 to 15 feet.
  • 'Stellar Pink' - 20 to 25 feet with a similar top spread.

 

5. Bloom Time - As indicated below.

  • 'Venus' - Late May to June.
  • 'Cherokee Chief' - Spring / Early summer.
  • 'Stellar Pink' - Spring.

 

6. Planting Instructions - See Below.

A. Dig a hole large enough to give the roots plenty of room with a few inches of space beyond the root tips and the sides of the hole. Build a mound of soil in the bottom of the hole and spread the roots in a natural position atop the mound.

 

B. Position the plant so that the previous soil line will be even with ground level. The stem/trunk will be darker in color below the original planting line and lighter in color above it.

 

C. Once the plant is positioned at the proper planting depth begin filling the hole with soil. Work the soil around the roots with your hands. When the hole is half filled tamp the soil to remove any air pockets.

D. Fill the planting hole with water and allow it soak in. Straighten the plant in the hole and finish filling with soil.

 

E. Form a "saucer" of soil around the edges of the planting hole and fill it with water.

 

F. Stake the tree to assist the roots in getting anchored. Staking will also maintain upper balance so that the trunk will continue to grow straight.

 

GET THE MOST ENJOYMENT

 

The ‘Venus’ kousa dogwood is a wonderful new Dogwood produced by the great plant breeder Dr. Elwin Orton, Jr. of Rutgers University. One of the largest bloom sizes of any Dogwood grown, with total width being over 6”! Pure White blossoms are borne in late May to June missing all frosts. Superior winter hardiness for northern gardeners and disease resistance to powdery mildew and anthracnose for southern gardeners makes this variety the best Dogwood for gardeners across America. The growth habit is a bit out of the ordinary. Instead of sending up a bare trunk, it is branched low to the ground, and has a rounded, symmetrical outline. Great orange fall color too!

 

Flowering Dogwood trees are one of the hottest landscaping trees out there. Cherokee Chief will tolerate full to part sun but the Flowering Dogwood tree actually prefers a spot in your landscape where it can stay cool (in the shade). Its lower branches have a horizontal branching pattern, which in itself lends interest to the landscape. 'Cherokee Chief' puts out red blooms in spring and holds the color well. Its fall foliage is bronze-colored. An under story tree in the wild, Flowering Dogwoods are a knockout in any home landscape. It is highly disease resistant and holds the title of an Award of Garden Merit tree from the Royal Horticulture Society of England.

 

Developed at Rutgers University, 'Stellar Pink' was selected for its compact habit, vigorous growth and resistance to borers. The small statured tree will be covered in classic pink blossoms in mid spring while its variegated foliage gives it a truly unique look. This tough tree is tolerant of clay soil and will grow in most areas of the country. Its reddish-purple fall color makes it a spectacular specimen in any garden!

 

SOIL PREPARATION

 

Although these plants will perform well in average garden soils of all types, we recommend having your soil tested periodically by the local County Extension Office.  These tests can determine if the soil needs any amendments to enhance your plants' growth and performance.  See below for our recommended practice to improve your soil without any additional testing:

1. Spade or rototill the soil to a depth of 12-18".

 

2. It is always good to add organic matter to your soil. You can mix in a 2-4" layer of dehydrated manure, garden compost, shredded leaves and/or peat moss.

 

3. After active growth begins, periodically feed with Cottage Farms' water soluble Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster.

 

CONTINUING CARE

 

Watering - Your plants require 1" of rainfall (or equivalent watering) each week when planted in the ground.  Do not allow plants in containers to dry out.  In a container that is exposed to full sun, water it well at least once every other day, and possibly every day, during periods of intense summer heat.  You may wish to temporarily move containerized plants to an area where they are shielded from the hot summer sun (i.e. in the shade of a tree, on a porch near an overhang). 

 

Mulching - Apply a 2-4" layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.

 

Weeding - Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with other plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots, as soon as you see them. Mulch also assists in keeping weeds down.

 

Grooming - Improves the size and quality of the tree and maintains a healthy, happy plant for many years. Remove any branches that become overlapped, damaged, or unsightly.  To ensure your tree keeps its form and doesn't try to become a bush, remove any growth that appears on the trunk below the main branches as it appears.  Also remove any growth coming up from the root system.

 

Feeding - Discontinue feeding after September 1st so your plants can harden off for winter dormancy. Resume fertilizing when new growth appears in spring and feed once every 2 to 3 weeks.

 

Winterizing - The time to protect your plants in the garden is after the ground has frozen. At that time, apply a winter mulch of evergreen boughs, straws or leaves to prevent lifting of the plant's roots during alternating periods of freezing and thawing.

 

For container planting, move plants next to your home's southern foundation for added warmth and protection. They may also be moved into an unheated, protected area such as a garage or cellar. If moved to a protected area be sure you water them well once every 7 to 10 days.

 

In spring, remove the mulch from in-ground plantings.  Also, bring containerized plants back out into the garden sunlight where they will immediately begin to repeat their yearly garden performance.  

CAUTION: Not all plant material is edible. Though most plants are harmless, some contain toxic substances which can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, or other discomforts. As a general rule, only known food products should be eaten. In case of ingestion, please contact your local poison control center at once and advise them of the plant ingested. Keep out of reach of children.