QUICK REFERENCE PLANTING GUIDE
1. Light/Sun Exposure - Full sun to partial shade.
2. USDA Hardiness Zones - As indicated below.
- Persica - 5 to 8.
- Crown Imperial Yellow- 5 to 9.
- Crown Imperial Orange- 5 to 9.
- Chapel Bells - 3 to 9.
3. Planting Distance - 2 to 3 feet apart in ground.
4. Mature Height- As indicated below.
- Persica- 36 inches tall.
- Crown Imperial Yellow - 36 to 40 inches tall.
- Crown Imperial Orange- 36 to 40 inches tall.
- Chapel Bells - 12 to 24 inches tall and wide.
5. Bloom Time - Late spring.
6. Planting Instructions - Dig a hole deep and wide enough so that the top (pointed end) of the bulb is at least two times as deep as the bulb is high (example: top of a 2 inch bulb is 4 inches deep). Work soil in and around the bulb, firming it with your fingers. Water thoroughly.
GET THE MOST ENJOYMENT
Persica: A cultivar that originates in southern Turkey, Cyprus and Syria. The foliage is attractive with a tendency to take on a bluish cast. It has a tall form that is excellent placed at the back of the garden or along fences, and develops dozens of beautifully shaped plum to mahogany purple flowers encircling each stalk.
Crown Imperial Yellow: The hardiest of the yellow Imperials and the one most highly recommended. This dazzler lends an excellent backdrop to your perennials any border. Deer and rodent resistant.
Crown Imperial Orange: Brilliant orange colored bell-shaped flowers grow beneath crowns of upright green leaves. These plants will bloom for up to 3 weeks starting in early spring.
Although these plants will perform well in average garden soils of all types, we recommend having your soil tested periodically by the local County Extension Office. These tests can determine if the soil needs any amendments to enhance your plants' growth and performance. See below for our recommended practice to improve your soil without any additional testing:
1. Spade or till the soil to a depth of 12-18 inches.
2. To provide nutrients and improve drainage, add organic matter to your soil by mixing in a 2 to 4-inch layer of dehydrated manure, garden compost, shredded leaves, and/or peat moss.
3. After active growth begins, periodically feed with Cottage Farms' water soluble Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Plants in containers need more frequent watering and feeding, especially when in active growth and bloom.
Water - Your plants require 1" of rainfall (or equivalent watering) each week when planted in the ground. Do not allow plants in containers to dry out. In a container that is exposed to full sun, water it well at least once every other day, and possibly every day, during periods of intense summer heat. You may wish to temporarily move containerized plants to an area where they are shielded from the hot summer sun (i.e., in the shade of a tree, on a porch near an overhang).
Mulching - Apply a 2-4 inch layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.
Weeding - Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with all plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots, as soon as you see them.
Grooming - When flowering is complete and leaves are completely dried, the stems should be cut off just above the ground. Be sure to mark the location to avoid damage to the bulbs when cleaning up for spring.
Feeding - Feed your plants once every 2-3 weeks during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer such as Cottage Farms' Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Discontinue feeding after September 1st so your plants can harden off for winter dormancy. Resume fertilizing when new growth appears in the spring.
Winterizing - The time to protect your plants in the garden is after the ground has frozen. At that time, apply a winter mulch of evergreen boughs, straws or leaves to prevent lifting of the plant's roots during alternating periods of freezing and thawing.
For container planting, move plants next to your home's southern foundation for added warmth and protection. They may also be moved into an unheated, protected area such as a garage or cellar. If moved to a protected area be sure you water them well once every 7 to 10 days.
In Spring, remove mulch from in-ground plantings and remove any dead or damaged parts on any plants. Also, bring containerized plants back out into the garden sunlight where they will immediately begin to repeat their yearly garden performance.
CAUTION: Not all plant material is edible. Though most plants are harmless, some contain toxic substances which can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, or other discomforts. As a general rule, only known food products should be eaten. In case of ingestion, please contact your local poison control center at once and advise them of the plant ingested. Keep out of reach of children.